Archive for the ‘Biotechnology & Biomedicine’ Category

Automated imaging system looks underground to help improve crops

October 9, 2014 -- Researchers have developed an automated imaging technique for measuring and analyzing the root systems of mature plants. The work could help plant scientists improve food crops to help meet the needs of a growing world population.

One-minute point-of-care anemia test shows promise in new study

September 12, 2014 -- A simple point-of-care testing device for anemia could provide more rapid diagnosis of the common blood disorder and allow inexpensive at-home self-monitoring of persons with chronic forms of the disease.

Platelet-Like Particles Augment Natural Blood Clotting for Treating Trauma

September 7, 2014 -- A new class of synthetic platelet-like particles could augment natural blood clotting for the emergency treatment of traumatic injuries – and potentially offer doctors a new option for curbing surgical bleeding and addressing certain blood clotting disorders without the need for transfusions of natural platelets.

Sequencing of five African fishes reveals diverse molecular mechanisms underlying evolution

September 4, 2014 - Researchers have sequenced the genomes and transcriptomes of five species of African cichlid fishes and uncovered a variety of features that enabled the fishes to thrive in new habitats and ecological niches within the Great Lakes of East Africa.

Study Shows Cellular RNA Can Template DNA Repair in Yeast

September 3, 2014 -- Scientists have shown that RNA produced within cells of a common budding yeast can serve as a template for repairing the most devastating DNA damage – a break in both strands of a DNA helix.

Marine protected areas might not be enough to help overfished reefs recover

August 22, 2014 - Damaged coral reefs emit chemical cues that repulse young coral and fish, discouraging them from settling in the degraded habitat, according to new research. The study shows for the first time that coral larvae can smell the difference between healthy and damaged reefs when they decide where to settle.

Early Bottlenecks in Developing Biopharmaceutical Products Delay Commercialization

August 20, 2014 - An analysis of patented university inventions licensed to biotechnology firms has revealed early bottlenecks on the path to commercialization. To open these roadblocks, the researchers suggest that better communication of basic research results during the discovery stage could lead to faster commercialization down the road.

Improved Telemedicine System Connects Doctors to Autism Patients in Rural Georgia

July 21, 2014 - A recently improved telemedicine system was optimized by scientists at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) and Cisco Systems, Inc. The system at Marcus Autism Center’s telemedicine room is now a showcase for providers of telemedicine, where improved video capabilities and an ergonomic suite allow patients in rural Georgia to meet face-to-face with medical specialists in Atlanta.

Evolution of Life’s Operating System Revealed in Detail

June 30, 2014 - The evolution of the ribosome, a large molecular structure found in the cells of all species, has been revealed in unprecedented detail in a new study.

Stanley Miller’s Forgotten Experiments, Analyzed

June 25, 2014 - Stanley Miller, the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth, left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed. The first-ever analysis of some of Miller’s old samples has revealed another way that important molecules could have formed on early Earth.