Archive for the ‘Big Data’ Category

Cosmic Slurp: Researchers Predict Signs of Black Holes Swallowing Stars

April 17, 2014 — Using a mix of theoretical and computer-based approaches, researchers are trying to predict the dynamics of events such as black holes devouring stars, a scenario also known as a “tidal disruption.”

Neuromorphic Computing “Roadmap” Envisions Analog Path to Simulating Human Brain

April 16, 2014 — Electrical engineers at the Georgia Institute of Technology recently published a “roadmap” that details innovative analog-based techniques that could make it possible to build a practical neuromorphic computer that mimics the brain’s operation.

New Patent Mapping System Helps Find Innovation Pathways

January 14, 2014 — A new patent mapping system that considers how patents cite one another may help researchers better understand the relationships between technologies – and how they may come together to spur disruptive new areas of innovation.

Observatory Catches Neutrinos in a South Pole Block of Ice

December 17, 2013 — The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is helping unravel one of the key scientific mysteries. Using a kilometer cube of solid ice located at the South Pole, the facility is searching for cosmic visitors — neutrino particles from space.

Optimization Modeling Helps Control Electricity Supply Continuity in Brazil

November 15, 2013 — Optimization research provided by Georgia Tech helped improve a computer algorithm used to ensure that electricity generation meets the demand in Brazil. The country relies heavily on hydroelectric facilities for its electricity.

Mapping a Bacterial Doorway: Researchers Determine the Structure of a Protein that Could Provide a New Antimicrobial Target

September 6, 2013 — Growing concern about bacterial resistance to existing antibiotics has created strong interest in new approaches for therapeutics able to battle infections. The work of an international team of researchers that recently solved the structure of a key bacterial membrane protein could provide a new target for drug and vaccine therapies able to battle one important class of bacteria.

Quantum Inverted Pendulum: Control Scheme Dynamically Maintains Unstable Quantum Systems

August 27, 2013 — Georgia Tech researchers have demonstrated a way to maintain an unstable quantum system by applying bursts of microwave radiation. The technique is comparable to methods used for controlling an inverted pendulum in classical physics.

Toward Quantum Networks: Researchers Report First Entanglement between Light and an Optical Atomic Coherence

June 19, 2013 — Using clouds of ultra-cold atoms and a pair of lasers operating at optical wavelengths, researchers have reached a quantum network milestone: entangling light with an optical atomic coherence composed of interacting atoms in two different states. The development could help pave the way for functional, multi-node quantum networks.

Drug Targeting: Protein Study Suggests Drug Side Effects are Inevitable – and that Basic Physics Enabled Early Biochemistry

May 20, 2013 — A new study of both computer-created and natural proteins suggests that the number of unique pockets – sites where small molecule pharmaceutical compounds can bind to proteins – is surprisingly small, meaning drug side effects may be impossible to avoid. The study also found that the fundamental biochemical processes needed for life could have been enabled by the simple physics of protein folding.

Ultra-Fast Computing: Researchers Evaluate Bose-Einstein Condensates for Communicating Among Quantum Computers

April 12, 2013 — Physicists have examined how Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) might be used to provide communication among the nodes of a distributed quantum computer. The researchers determined the amount of time needed for quantum information to propagate across their BEC.